Italian Cooperation gives great attention and resources to decentralized cooperation, defined as the cooperation activities realized by local institutions (regions, provinces, and municipalities), in partnership with similar institutions in developing countries and with the involvement of civil society. Dgcs considers decentralized cooperation as an important part of Italian public aid to developing countries. The Dgcs action in this field aims to give to local institutions a framework in which to plan their own initiatives so that they can be coherent with the Italian development politics, and possibly complementary to it.
The point of reference for decentralized cooperation is a document entitled “Guidelines of the Cooperation between Dgcs and Regional and Local Institution” approved in March 2000 by the Executive Committee of Development Cooperation. Based on this document, a framework agreement between National Association of Italian Municipalities (ANCI) and Dgcs has been signed. Its aim is to endorse decentralized cooperation realized by Italian municipalities. As a follow up, they have agreed on a training program in favor of personnel committed to realizing cooperation activities for Italian municipalities.
Italian Cooperation has also started joint programs with regions with the objective to define a framework agreement for co-financed programs.
Coordination of the Decentralized Cooperation
The coordination of decentralized cooperation depends directly from the Director General of Dgcs. Its goal is to coordinate regional and local instructions’ cooperation among them and with civil society. These actions are realized in partnership with similar developing country institutions and are intended to favor the active participation of various representative components of the civil society of the country partners.